Paul Budde's History Archives

The official NEI Government-in-exile (1944-1946)

Apart from policies regarding the direction of a post-war NEI there was tension between the Dutch-government-in-exile and the NEI government-in-exile, in relation to the decision-making process. Soon after the liberation of the southern Netherlands, on 14 September 1944, the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina decreed from London the official formation of a NEI government-in-Exile. This replaced the Netherlands East Indies Commission for Australia and New Zealand (NEICANZ) as it was established in 1942 in essence not much changed structurally and the renamed entity remained led by Van Mook. The main difference was that from now on they would be under the direct control of the Dutch Government who wanted a rapid recolonialisation. The Netherlands Military Administration now kept a tight rein on colonial officials such as Van Mook and Van der Plas, who were more open to a dialogue with the ‘Indonesians’ and were willing to look at different governance structures for the colony after the war. This differed from the official Dutch hardliner on the issue.

Because of differences in opinion, there were sometimes conflicting messages send to the Australian Government from the Dutch Ambassador in Canberra, toeing the hard line, and the more liberal thinking NEI-government-in-exile[1].

On 3 November 1944, the Dutch Ambassador in Canberra Van Aerssen Beyeren informed the Commonwealth of the formal closure of NEICANZ.  

[1] R.J.J. Stevens –  Inleiding manipulatie van informatie? De rol van de Nederlandse militaire inlichtingendienst in Indonesië ten tijde van het Nederlands Indonesisch conflict 1945-1949