Finland and Russia



One of my ancestors Gabriel Budde became 1701 the manager of Kulju estate in Suoniemi parish. The area of the estate was in the end of the 1800-century 1500 hectares. The estate was owned by the colonel and baron Gustaf Adolph Mellin. The Mellin family had come to Finland in the 1500-century. The brother of Gustaf, called Jurgen Mellin, was count, Field Marshal and governor in Bremen, Verden and Pommern. He was also chancellor of the Greifswald University.

Gabriel married 1701 Kristina Svarthafra. Her father Kustaa Hannunpoika Svarthafra was rural police chief, regiment clerk and owner of the Kollanen estate in Karkku parish. Gabriel and Kristina had at least six children (Liisa born 1702, Gustaf b. 1703, Margetha b. 1705, Gabriel b. 1707, Daniel b. 1709 and Christina b. 1712) Namesake of his father Gabriel is my ancestor. He acted as armourer in the army and married Christina Immenia, whose father was rural police chief in Lempaala parish. Gabriel budde (senior) bought 1704 Nurkka estate in Karkku parish. His daughter Liisa with her husband lived there. Gabriel never resided there. This estate was many generations up to 1864 in the possession of Buddes. Gabriel Budde died 10.3.1714 and was buried under the church floor. There is no information from where Gabriel Budde came to Suoniemi.

There has been many Budde-named persons even earlier in Finland.

  • Jons Budde was in 1400-century lived monk, writer and translater in Naantali monastery. He lived between the years 1437 and 1491. He was the first writer in Finland and he wrote in Swedish.
  • Tonies Budde was landowner in Jaaski parish in the middle of 1500-century. He was freed of the land taxes.
  • Hans Budde former Viipuri resident, acted 1579 in Ayrapaa parish as a tax collector (bailiff).
  • Gabriel Budde was second lieutenant in Pohjanmaa Infantry Regiment. He was killed in 1642 in the battle of Breitenfeld near Leipzig in the Thirty Years’ War. Commander-in-chief of the Swedish army was then Field Marshall Lennart Torstenson.

As the linguists have examined the Swedish language Jons Budde used, they have come to the conclusion that Jons Budde’s birth place was Baddeby in Laihia parish in Pohjanmaa province. Baddeby’s name is today Potila. Long before Baddeby came into being there was a farm the name of which was Badde/Bodde. Jons Budde used also the name Jones Raek. The name Raek is met in the neighbour parish Voyri.  The conclusion which the examiners have reached is that Jons Budde’s father Anders originated from Baddeby and mother from Voyri. (For more info on the Franciscan monk Johannes Andreas (Jons) Budde see Sweden.)

Jöns Budde1
Jöns Budde1


In the Baddeby there have lived also persons named Gabriel Budde so that may be my ancestors are from there.

The end of the 1300-century was period of the strong German expansion round the Baltics and neighbourhood. In the years 1364-1389 the Swedish state was reigned by German prince Albrecht von Mecklenburg. Many merchants and craftsmen moved then to the country. May be the ancestors of Jons Budde and also those of Gabriel Budde have then settled down in Finland.

Pekka Sillanpaa (


In the 18th century we come across a Hinrich Budde in Hamina, Finland. He was married to Maria Ernestsdotter. They had three children, two daughters: Catharina (born 26/11/1733) and Maria (born 7/11/1737).

The third child, Johann Budde (10/5/1746 – 3/11/1799) is mentioned as a merchant and a precentor and cantor of the Finnish Swedish cathedral in Hamina, Finland, on the coast, approx 130kms east of Helsinki (in those days known under its Swedish name of Fredrikshamm).

The son from his 2nd wife Helena Granstrõm from Loviisa, Emmanuel (15/5/1795 -1839) is a medical major who moves to Russia early in the 19th century.


Sweden is defeated by Russia in the Finnish War and loses Finland, which becomes an autonomous Grand Duchy under the Treaty of Fredrikshamm in 1809, with the Tsar as its ruler. Finland’s position is confirmed in its first separate Diet. Finland retains its own legislation and its old form of society, including the free status of the peasantry, the Lutheran religion and the old Swedish system of law and government.


On the website two snuff-box are listed that belonged to Jean Francois Xavier Budde. They are both made of gold, silver, cut diamonds and enamel; chased, engraved, guilloched and painted, one with a portrait of Empress Catherina II  with a diameter of 7.3 бm and a length of 1.5 cm and one with a portrait of Tsar Paul I  with a length of 1.7 cm and a  diameter of 7 cm . They are both in St Petersburg and they date from circa 1780


The next known Budde in this branch is lieutenant Victor Victorovich Mestmacher Budde (1881 – 1914). The Budde family was enlisted as barons in the 2nd nobility register of Podolie in 1889. They acquired the title based on their military services. Podolie (Podolskij) is a province in the Ukraine bordering Romania.

In addition to the Budde family’s original title, Victor Victorovitch  inherited  the right to use the family name and  title of Baron carried by  his uncle baron Pavel Pavlovich Mestmacher, who died childless and was married to a Budde. By imperial decree from Tsar Nicolas II of 1st December 1902  the title and the coat of arms of the Mestmacher  family were transferred to Victor Victorovich  and his first born male descendants.

Before the beginning of the 18th century, no titles were granted to foreigners by Russian Sovereigns, Peter the Great , the founder of Modern Russia was the first to grant the titles of Prince, Count and Baron of the Russian Empire. Peter granted the first title Prince on the 30th May 1707.

The Mestmachers came from Germany. There is a Baron Johann (Ivan Ivanovich) Mestmacher who lived from 1733 till 1805. He is mentioned as a Russian diplomat at the Prince-Bishop at Lubeck. He received the title baron (registered in the 5th part of the Podolie nobility register) from Empress Catherine II on the 6thJune 1777, In a separate document dated 3rd July 1779 the same title was given to all descendants of Johann Mestmacher. The last known descendent is Baron Paul Pavlovich (Grand Marshal of the Podolie nobility) he died childless in 1909. The Mestmacher title was again confirmed in a document dated 21 August 1816. The title was passed on to Victor Victorovich Mestmacher Budde, who as indicated above combined these two family titles.


Yevgenii Fiodorovich Budde was born on 25.12.1859 near Kirovohrad (former Elisabethgrad). Died on 05.04.1929. Linguist-Slavonic scholar. Corresponding Member of the Division of Russian Language and Philology since 03.12.1916. He wrote 2 dissertations. Last years he worked at East-Pedagogical Institute in Kazan city (now Tatarstan). He wrote a set of books: “Methodology questions of the Russian linguistics” (1913), “Russian Language” (1916) and a set of the linguistic works about famous Russian writers Belinsky, Gogol, Chekhov and others.



Budde in Russian is БУДДЕ