Paul Budde
  • PaulBuddeHistory.com covers the historical interests and projects of amateur historian Paul Budde; tracing the broader Budde family history back through North Germany and the Baltic region.

    His personal interest is in medieval North Western Europe. Also covered is the local history of Bucketty, NSW, Australia.

Paul Budde's History Archives

Introduction

Mapping the Budde Family

Origin of the name

In a dictionary of German family names (Karljosef Brechenmacher) Budde and Buddeke are described as north-Germanic given names.

In another German dictionary (Hans Barlow) the north-Germanic names Budde and Buddeke are brought in relationship with ‘Bütte’ a cask in which the winemaker puts the pressed grapes to mature. Budde is according to him short for ‘Buddenbender’ (cooper).

According to Dr Leopold Schuette, a leading archivist in Westfalen, the word “Budde” means ‘barrel’, ‘butt’, ‘tun’, ‘vat’ and does characterize a ‘fat person’. The english word “butt” and the rhenanian carnivalistic “buett” [u-Umlaut] are the same as Low-German (LG)”Budde”.

Barlow also mentions another possibility when used in Buddenbrock, -siek, -diek (Westfalen), a place in Bodde = Morast, Schmutz, Modder. This particular use of the name has been recorded as early as the year 950. Still, the soggy swamps on the shore of the Baltic see are called ‘Bodden”.

According to the Dutch historian A.van der Plank, the name Budde is of Germanic origin. It is the name of a tribe. The meaning of the name is ‘to order’.

Another interesting detail is that the word ‘bude’ in the Scandinavian languages means: abode, residence or, place of residence. It is the same name as ‘booth’ and comes from the verb ‘bo’ = live at a place. But is is pronounced with a soft ‘d’ like ‘boothe’. However, according to Scandinavian linguists, the family name Budde is not from Scandinavian origin.

Patronyms from Budde are: Budden, Budie, But, Buts, Butte, Buttelins, Butz, Butske. The names can end with -ing, -ingh, -inghe, -n, -mann and -s.

According to Dr. Schuette, the name could be generated anywhere as well as at several different places at the same time or at different times. I suggested to him that the name could have been originated in for example Pommern or Westfalen and from one of these places migrated to other parts. He indicated that there is no reason for such migration patterns. Instead he suggest most early “Buddes” are original ones at their very own places: e.g. in Stralsund (Westphalen), in Wietmarschen (Niedersachsen) and elsewhere. There may be relatives among them, if that would have been the case that they would most likely have migrated from the west to the east and not in the opposite direction.

Steen Thomsen from Denmark suggested in relation to tracing back the origins of noble families to also look at the different coat of arms.

In my direct family tree one person at least once uses the names Budden and Buddeke – Joanna Helena (Approximately 1650 – Wietmarschen).

The surname Budde is rare: 1 in 100,000 families; popularity rank in the U.S.: #7998.

Alard Budde Stralsund Pommeren 1130

Historical data in relation to the origin of the oldest Budde family member points to the Baltic shores, in the far north of Germany. The first recorded Budde ever is Alard Budde in 1130 in Stralsund – Pommern.

In this history I also cover the various branches of the family around the Baltic. Covering every single country in this region (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia and Russia).

 Oldest links from my family branch

However, I have come across the first member of my direct lineage in Wietmarschen a small town in Niedersachsen. There are references to an even smaller township close by, Emsburen, from which, according to church archives, the Buddes originally came. This of course would refer to this Budde family only. Data from here would relate to the 16th and 17th century. In this same region we also encounter the Knights Budde. From 1200 till 1600 they were enfeoffed, with castles in Haslage (Osnabrück), Drantum (Melle-Groenenberg), Vechta (near Diepholz) and Hange (near Lingen). However, so far no direct link has been established between them and us. One source refers to a link between Osnabrück and the branch in Lithuania.

Twice a Gerhard Hermann in our family was to make a major move. The first one started the family branch in Nordhorn (1771 – 1871) and the second one, in 1871, started the branch in Ootmarsum, Twente (Netherlands), where relatives are still living. My father moved to Oss in Brabant (Netherlands) and in 1983 I moved from there with my family to Bucketty in Australia.

Including overviews of the following family groups.
Conradus Budden Wietmarschen
Bernardus Budden Wietmarschen
Gerhardus Budde Wietmarschen/Nordhorn
Johann Bernhard Budde (I) Nordhorn
Johann Bernard Budde (II) Nordhorn
Gerhard Hermann Budde Nordhorn/Ootmarsum
Theodorus Cornelis Budde Ootmarsum

This family history was first attempted in 1928 by my grandfather, Theodoor, and later by my father, Herman. The advent of the Internet has now made it a reality.

DNA Research

Introduction

One of the leaders in DNA research is Bryan Sykes Professor of Human Genetics at the University of Oxford. Separate from his university activities he has set up a company Oxford Ancestors Limited which provide DNA testing facilities for genealogical research. They provide services on:

  • Y line the genetic signature of the Y chromosome that you inherit from your father and from more distant paternal ancestors, going back into the ancient past. Others with the surname Budde would of course be a first target for such comparisons.
  • MatriLine – a read out of your mitochondria DNA sequence, this allows you to trace back the maternal line. In his book ‘The Seven Daughters of Eve”, Bryan Sykes have discovered that almost every person with its maternal roots in Europe can be traced back one of seven women, living in distinct regions in Europe between 10,000 and 45,000 years ago.
  • Linked to the Y-line research, it is also possible to check if there is an ancestral link with the Vikings.

For more information see: www.oxfordancestors.com.

Y line – Paternal Ancestors

I have let my DNA tested in the early 00s.

My Y-line signature is: 14 – 12 – 23 – 11 – 14 – 13 – 10 – 16 – *M -13

Anybody with a similar paternal ancestry line, should have a similar Y-signature.

They also indicated that there was no evidence of Viking ancestry in my paternal line.

Now they have come across an unusual’ sequence in my DYS425 DNA band (marker with *M) they have been unable to allocate a specific market. This is a rare result (of course) and occurs from time to time and is part of a natural change that DNA undergoes overtime. They also indicated that there was no evidence of Viking ancestry in my paternal line.

Further clarification was kindly added by Christiaan Heerma van Voss. He indicated that this M* is actually a null reading failure. If this is the case, usually Ftdna expresses this mutation/missing value with a null it should be changed into a null within Y-search. Responsible for this mutation is a mutation at Dyf371.

It is not as uncommon as one might think it is however very characteristic for many subhaplogroups. The one I belong to is probably z326+. It is downstream of U106->L48->Z9&Z10->Z326.

He indicated that I even belong to a particular cluster of z326, which for now he calls the Nordic or North Sea-cluster, because of the predominantly Nordic context. He is not sure if this cluster emerged in Norway or came from the Dutch-German coast. Frisian, Dutch and Northern German merchants might have brought it to the Nordic contexts during the Hansa period or in case for the Frisians even during the Viking period.

Characteristically markers for z326 are these values:DYS390=23, DYS447=24,

DYS460=10,  DYS425=null and A10=12

In addition my cluster has these typical values:426=13,449=27:

  • 31919: Cecil (Wales border)
  • ZKRE3: Hansen (near Bergen, Norway)
  • 97816904ac(Genebase):         Rygg/Waage (Norway)
  • 166435:   Fentress (US<-Hessen?<-NL?)
  • Ancestry DNA:  Vantrease(US<-Hessen<-NL?)
  • 227420    Harris (SW Britain?)
  • 52797      Crackles (East Yorkshire)
  • 6BQ2Q   Bowles (SW. Britain?)
  • 70149      Webb (SW. Britain?)
  • N18407   de Kype (Normandy, France) closest match of Budden
  • AHFDB Falkena (near Stavoren, Friesland, NL)
  • DNZ7T  Krüger (Hamburg,Germany)
  • SMGF database Christensen (Hof, Norway)
  • SMGF database Hein (near Gdansk, Poland<-NL?)
  • SMGF database Seifert (Saxony?, Germany)
  • Ancestry DNA Word (Wales<-SW England)

 

MatriLine

The Matraine DNA result indicated that from my mother side I relate back to Ursula.

Ursula (Latin for she-bear) lived about 45,000 years ago in what is now northern Greece. She was among the first arrivals of a new, modern human to set foot in Europe. She was slender and graceful, in marked contrast to the thickset Neanderthals with whom she and her clan shared the land for another 20,000 years. Her kind brought with them a new and more sophisticated type of stone tool with which to hunt and butcher the abundant game, animals that soon appeared on the walls of limestone caves as the first expression of human art. They spread right across Europe, west across France and north as far as the British isles.

As the climate deteriorated 25,000 years ago, the clan began its long migration south; eventually reaching Spain and founding what became a refuge for all humans during the coldest millennia of the

last Ice Age. As the climate warmed, the scattered clan led the march back to the north to reclaim the once frozen lands. They reached the British Isles and left an indelible record in the limestone caves of Cheddar Gorge. In 1998, DNA was recovered from the famous skeleton known as Cheddar Man and our analysis showed that it belonged to the clan of Ursula. In a dramatic demonstration of genetic continuity, we found that a teacher at the local school, only a few hundred yards from the cave entrance, was clearly a member of the same clan.

DNA research Ancestry.com

In 2016 I also had my DNA tested by Ancestry. The results were very interesting as it matches the history of the Buddes as far as I have been able to trace them. However, while I did found a lot of concentration around the Baltic Sea, I couldn’t conclude from what side of the area the Buddes originated , northern Germany or Scandinavia. These DNA results suggest a Scandinavian origin.

Test results:

Scandinavia 54%

Europe West 27%

Great Britain 18%

Trace Regions 1% (Ireland)

Total Europe 100%

Websites

Rugen: http://www.ruegen-web.de/

Straelsund: http://www.deutsche-staedte.de/stralsund/index.html

Kurzeme: http://www.baltische-ritterschaften.de/genoesel.htm#GHdA

History Denmark: http://www.um.dk/english/danmark/danmarksbog/kap6/6-4.asp – 22k

Saaremma: www.saaremaa.ee

Map Pommeren: http://feefhs.org/maps/gere/ge-pomer.html

History Kurzeme: http://pagan.drak.net/wwcrew/paganism.html

Saarema (Baltic nobility): http://mdz1.bib-bvb.de/cocoon/baltlex/Band_bsb00000345.html

What’s next?

Hopefully the information in this data base will lead to further findings. Contributions from you, the reader as well as from others, are very much appreciated. These will be updated on our website: www.budde.com.au/budde. The Internet has played an important role in the research that have led to this publication. It has brought people in four countries together (Netherlands, Germany, USA, Australia). A special word of thanks to Rolf Suewolto and Falk Liebzeit, for the invaluable contributions they have made.

I would like to invite anybody who has information relevant to the Budde family to let me know and perhaps together we can further piece this history together. I will be using the News link as a bulletin board for news updates, enquiries, etc.

Budde family members are invited to join our dedicated family Facebook group.

Paul Budde